Cosmetic surgery is a type of plastic surgery that is dedicated to altering and reshaping the structure of the body purely for aesthetic purposes – in short, patients who opt for cosmetic surgery do so to enhance and improve their physical appearance.
Though there are a plethora of cosmetic surgery procedures, certain procedures remain the most sought after by cosmetic patients. In this article, we take a look at five of the most common cosmetic surgery procedures.
Breast surgery or mammoplasty, is a procedure used to either enlarge – augment – or reduce the size of the breast. For women looking to go a size up, have both breasts be the same size, or to induce “perkiness”, breast augmentation involves using silicone or saline implants to achieve the desired results.
If the goal of breast surgery is to reduce the size of the breast, usually due to physical discomfort that stems from the weight of the breasts, tissue from this area of the body is usually removed. Men who suffer from a hormone imbalance that causes enlarged breasts, a condition known as gynecomastia, may also opt for breast reduction surgery to reduce the size of their colloquially known “man boobs”.
Liposuction is a medical procedure that involves sucking fat out of the body using a thin medical tube known as a cannula. For cosmetic surgery patients, common target areas for liposuction include the neck, abdomen, thighs, buttocks, hips and the backs of arms. The goal of liposuction is to improve the silhouette, shape and contour of the body.
More commonly known as a tummy tuck, abdominoplasty involves removing excess skin from the abdominal area and then tightening the skin that remains to give the stomach a flatter, slimmer appearance. Patients who opt for abdominoplasty may do so to try to regain a pre-pregnancy figure or to lose the excess skin that hangs as a result of significant weight loss or bariatric surgery.
Rhinoplasty or a nose job is a procedure catered to improving the shape and overall appearance of the nose, which is a prominent facial feature. Depending on the patient’s needs, the plastic surgeon may reduce or increase the size of the nose, adjust the line of the slope of the nose, or refine certain areas of the nose to create a more pleasing aesthetic appearance.
Also known as a facelift, rhytidectomy’s surgical goal is to banish wrinkles and sagging skin that comes with aging. The basic procedure of a facelift involves tightening the skin of the face to smooth out wrinkles, minimize sagging and to create an overall more youthful appearance for the patient. Facelifts are usually combined with other cosmetic surgical procedures such as forehead lifts and eyelid shaping.
In conclusion, cosmetic surgery is a surgical specialty dedicated to enhancing the aesthetic appearance of an individual’s body. Advances in medical equipment and procedures have allowed cosmetic surgeons to offer patients a wide range of options on which part of the body they would like to surgically enhance, be it their breasts, face, stomach or nose.